Canadian Engineering Undergraduates: Female Enrollment by Discipline

In Canada, the percentages of females in each engineering discipline, for the past three years, are illustrated in the bar graph below. While females constitute more than one third of students enrolled in biosystems (~43%), environmental (~40%), chemical (35%), and geological (~35%) engineering, they remain extremely low in other areas, most notably in computer (~11%), software (~11%), and mechanical (~11%) engineering. Tabular data is given below the graph showing the historical trends in the percent female enrollment over the past decade (2002-2014).

PROGRAM 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Biosystems 44.0 43.8 42.3 37.4 35.6 33.0 34.5 39.7 38.9 39.0 42.9 41.7 43.0 45.0
Environmental 44.0 42.1 39.2 35.2 37.6 36.7 36.7 38.8 40.2 41.1 39.2 39.7 41.0 41.0
Chemical 43.5 41.9 40.0 38.2 36.6 36.3 35.5 34.9 33.5 33.7 33.1 36.7 34.0 36.0
Geological 36.1 35.2 33.6 29.3 31.5 31.6 33.1 33.8 36.9 38.1 36.7 33.0 37.0 37.0
Materials or Metallurgy 24.8 23.2 19.4 20.5 19.6 21.1 21.7 23.0 23.0 21.7 23.3 25.0 26.0 27.0
Industrial or Manufacturing 26.2 26.2 24.0 22.4 22.3 21.5 22.0 21.6 23.0 23.3 23.7 25.0 27.0 28.0
Civil 24.7 23.5 23.8 23.0 22.5 22.3 21.3 21.5 21.4 21.8 21.9 22.7 23.0 25.0
Engineering physics 20.6 19.6 19.1 18.1 18.5 17.7 16.5 16.5 15.9 16.2 17.1 17.9 19.0 21.0
Mining or Mineral 18.5 15.3 16.1 16.9 15.9 14.9 14.8 15.0 14.7 16.2 17.8 14.6 16.0 15.0
Electrical 17.3 16.5 15.0 13.5 12.8 12.3 12.0 12.6 12.7 12.1 12.4 13.0 13.0 12.0
Mechanical 14.5 13.4 12.2 11.3 10.9 10.3 10.1 9.7 10.4 10.1 10.3 11.1 11.0 12.0
Software 17.2 15.1 12.4 9.7 10.2 9.6 10.1 9.6 11.0 9.8 9.9 10.9 11.0 12.0
Computer 13.4 12.4 11.1 9.8 10.0 9.7 9.8 9.5 10.3 10.2 10.1 10.8 12.0 12.0

Data shown in these graphs are taken from the National Council of Deans of Engineering and Applied Science (NCDEAS) and Engineering (NCDEAS) annual resources survey as well as the enrolment reports prepared by Engineers Canada.